Glass has become a popular material for use in balustrades, guards, and railings. Historically, monolithic tempered glass has been primarily used, but with the recent changes to the International Building Code (IBC 2015), laminates with heat strengthened or tempered glass is now recommended. One growing application is cantilevered balustrades where the glass is only secured […]

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Vaughn Schauss

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Laminated glass became widely used in the projects during the last few years. In this presentation I want to discuss some very interesting projects which shows the many steps and difficulties on the road from architectural ideas to the design, mockup and specimens testing, final project and installation. We will discuss Glass Shell in Zaryadie […]

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We have seen rapid expansion in the last decade of laminated glass design using modern analytical and computational methods. Essential to the proper simulation of laminated glass behavior is the development of accurate constitutive models for the polymer interlayer. Such models should reflect polymer behavior as a function of temperate and load duration so calculations […]

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Cantilevered laminated glass balustrades supported by bearing in continuous base shoes are among the most ordinary applications of structural glass. The performance of laminated glass is commonly approximated with the Effective Thickness Method by Bennison, adapted from composite sandwich theory by Wӧlfel for a simply-supported beam under uniformly distributed load. Notably, significant underestimation of stress […]

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Time-temperature superposition principle is widely used to generate interlayer modulus properties in the form of master curves for use in glass design. The process for generating a master curve can only be executed in a meaningful way for isotropic materials. The generation of master curves for multilayer interlayers, such as acoustic skin-core-skin tri layers, can […]

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Maximising transparency in contemporary architecture has led to the development of load-carrying glass elements. Being most-widely used, beams and columns have extensively been the focus of investigation in the world of structural glass in the last decades. Structurally safe, hybrid concepts have been developed which are able to maintain their load-carrying capacity after initial glass […]

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Kenny Martens

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Architect’s imagination is leading the buildings reaching higher standard in performances and shapes complexity. This challenge involves ever more the buildings skin and glazing surfaces and gives the opportunity to improve new structural design approach for those parts. Engineers must accurately define, considering the complex geometries, the correct area to be analysed and especially perfecting […]

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Laminated glass incorporating stiff PVB is being used increasingly in structural applications. This combination improves the load resistance of the laminated glass sheet, reduces deflection, helps to reduce the thickness and weight of the glass and, in some cases, renders it unnecessary to thermally treat the glass. The case of freestanding balustrades is studied in […]

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Hugues Lefèvre

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Structural engineers have gained considerable knowledge in the behaviour of structural glass from the pioneering and experimental beginnings to the advanced design of a free standing pavilions, structural envelopes and structures suspended from high rise buildings. In this paper we will look at the potential of a most commonly used component in facade design – […]

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Peter Lenk

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Graham Dodd

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For the Oktober 2018 Glasstec Fair in Dusseldorf the Technical University of Delft was asked to exhibit its latest developments in structural glass technology. For this exhibition the University of Delft developed a Glass Swing. Inspiration for this Swing was the Glass Slide exhibited in 2016 by Eckersly O’Challegan in the Glasstec. We started out […]

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Transparency of a building is a relative notion – relative to contemporary construction, to any supporting structural elements or opaque connections, and to size and scale. The Louvre in Paris is considered one of the most iconic glass structures ever built. Of the four pyramids that I.M. Pei envisioned, two are of significant size and […]

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