Overview of scientific research by universities and the Technical Research Center of Finland (VTT) with real-life example cases of how electrically heated glass can be and has been used in architectural applications over the past 20 years to meet the most challenging requirements in well-being, aesthetics and climate control. Heating can be installed in different […]

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“Understanding human needs, climate issues, and building performances is a common aspiration for the AEC (The architecture, engineering and construction) industry. The wish is to create sustainable solutions that stem from a strong desire to design spaces for social and democratic cooperation. An energy driven and multi-layered understanding of architecture and the building envelopes are […]

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Anisotropic effect is an inherent physical character of tempered glass which should be discussed in the design phase of a building. Within the “Facades” working group, in Fachverband Konstruktiver Glasbau e. V. (FKG), the basic considerations of Anisotropie were analyzed and the retardation of fully toughened as well as heat strengthened glass were quantified at […]

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Stefan Goeddertz

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Michael Elstner

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