As engineering, geometry, fabrication and installation techniques develop so does the complexity and scale of integration into architecture. Curved glass allows imaginative aesthetic forms and the development of cold warping of large glass panels can affect efficient construction. This paper will present a summary of the development and integration of cold warped glass from around […]

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Curved and 3D Glass – the new hype in top end architecture – an examination of latest product developments and Projects For the past 2-3 years, I have been observing a strong architectural trend towards curved and 3D glasses, for which there are essentially no clear quality guidelines yet. Only a few companies are able […]

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Curved glass has been in use for many decades. Modern architecture, incorporating more glass and organic forms, is always pushing the limits of what can be accomplished. New technological advances in glass have taken curved glass fabrication to different levels of complexity and performance in the last few years, and design continues to drive into […]

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Javier Sanchez-Gil

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The cold bending of glass in unique facades have been successfully completed in the past using structural silicone glazing (SSG) as the sole method of retention of the bending membrane. The practice still holds challenges with a concern of how a permanent load due to bending can impact the durability of structural silicone sealants. To […]

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Curved insulated glass units formed by tempered bending or annealed slumped bending offer a bold expression of architectural design with transparency and energy efficiency. As more skins with complex geometry are built, design teams need to engage consultants and international industry experts to define the properties and constraints of curved insulated glass units in line […]

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Glass distortions may cause objects to appear irregular and out of focus when observed through a distorted glass panel. Any visual disturbance, such as roller waves, bow, warp etc., should be within the tolerances given in the appropriate standards or manufacturer limits. These standards and limits generally describe how distortions may be measured for a […]

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Bent glass has a long tradition in architectural glazing. The industry provides several technologies to bend glass into curved shapes within small to large radii. These fabrication methods include slump-bending, temper-bending, warm-bending by lamination & cold bending (by force). All individual methods bear technical and aesthetical advantages as well as disadvantages towards applications in modern […]

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Three-dimensional formed glass products, manufactured from flat glass, are experiencing rapidly growing demand. Actual limitations of bent glass products are shapes with sharp curves, meaning bending radii smaller than 50 mm are not available. Within this work, we present an innovative and advanced bending process for manufacturing sharp curved glass. Using this technology designers and […]

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Use of cold-bent and warped glass units in unitized curtain walling is a state-of-the art application. During the last years, such a global trend has challenged the design and engineering of glass units, frame elements as well as bonding joints in Structural Sealant Glazing (SSG) applications and has pushed for the investigation of material performance […]

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Viviana Nardini

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This decade brought up various global landmark projects being built in the Middle East. Driven by the strong will to reach new heights and unique landmark designs, architects and clients constantly push the façade industry to develop new, advanced and challenging technologies. One of the recent trends is the push for so called complex geometry […]

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Benjamin Beer

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The evolution of complex geometric modeling and parametric design, coupled with an increased demand for fully glazed, high performance building envelopes have led to a growing interest in curved glass façades. Glass-clad buildings are nothing new, but the shift toward increasingly complex façade geometries creates new challenges in realizing formats that are both aesthetic and […]

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The world of architecture and design could not be more exciting today, or could it? With powerful 3 dimensional modeling software and an almost unlimited palate of materials, architects and designers are able to visualize some of the most amazing building forms for their clients. We have seen all types of materials; metal, wood, stone, […]

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