Final Program

Minimalist windows have explored the potential of structural glass to provide large sliding glass window-walls with extremely thin doorframes. Yet, today’s architectural demands, dictated by the aim for transparency and for spatial continuity between inside and outside, constantly push for better performances — more efficient and dynamic systems — and also for ever-larger full-height sizes […]

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Pedro Borges de Araújo

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An important step in automotive laminated windshield, sidelite and sunroof production is the de-airing process prior to final autoclave processing. Today, manufacturers can choose between one of three available industrial solutions: vacuum ring, nipper roller and vacuum bag processes. The author describes each of these three processes, including their pros and cons and provides a […]

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The potential presence of Nickel Sulfide (NiS), which contaminates glass melt, can provoke “spontaneous” rupture even after years from installation. All glass plates bearing a security risk have to be subject to Heat Soak Test (HST), i.e., they are exposed to a certain temperature for a certain time so to destroy the glass panes affected […]

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Electrochromic dynamic smart windows offer many benefits of energy savings and comforts, including daylighting, glare control, unobstructed views. Smart windows target markets are commercial buildings, residential homes, skylight, automotive and transportation (planes, buses, ships). Current commercially available products have struggled to reach large market adoption due to their (1) high installed cost, (2) transmitted and […]

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Annealed glass suffers from stress corrosion, i.e., the decrease of the tensile strength over time, under load. The classical theory to account for this phenomenology involves the chemical reaction of water with silica which replaces strong chemical bonds with weaker ones, thus leading to sub-critical growth of the superficial flaws. In the present work, an […]

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Doors and windows have always been at the intersection of various technologies and architectural processes that evolved in parallel and often intertwined. Last century’s breakthroughs in terms of glass and frame technologies transformed glass doors and windows into powerful and efficient devices to control light, solar heat, ventilation and vision as well as important spatial […]

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Carlos Machado e Moura

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Façades play an important role in the control of energy flow and energy consumption in buildings as they represent the interface between the outdoor environment and the indoor occupied space. The option of regulating internal and external conditions acquires great relevance in new approaches to sustainable building solutions. Studies on climate adaptive façades show a […]

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In the early days of the 1970s, Structural Sealant Glazing (SSG) technology was introduced in the U.S. to bond glass panels to metallic frames. Silicone adhesives were the only accepted bonding technology for this application due to the unique UV resistance and thermal stability they could offer, at that time. Considering that no options for […]

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ETAG002 and ASTM C 1401 are the main international Standards providing regulations for design of silicone joints in Structural Sealant Glazing (SSG) applications. They provide calculation methods with reference to flat glass units with regular (rectangular, trapezoidal or triangular) shape, in vertical position, bonded along all sides to load-bearing profiles and subject to wind load, […]

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Viviana Nardini

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The Vacuum Insulated Glazing (VIG) technology is of great interest in providing for the future requirements of highly insulating buildings. This is an advanced workshop that will discuss topics such as, the results of thermal and wind load testing, framing issues, production costing, service lifetime, vacuum stability and getters, advanced testing relative to standards, etc. […]

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Within 4 hours the participants will gain an insight to the process of realizing complex all-glass facade structures. This workshop will discuss glass design, structural and movement concepts, bearing strategy, manufacturing, installation and the use of large glass sizes and its challenges. Following the introduction to a recently completed all-glass project and a short briefing, […]

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Modern standards and codes of design practice require the evaluation of the response of glazed surfaces with respect to impulsive dynamic actions in order to avoid brittle failure. The soft-body impact test allows to reproduce the effect of the accidental impacts of human. This is a free-boundary value problem, since the imprint of the impinging […]

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Gianni Royer Carfagni

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Nowadays the design of blast-resistant glazed façades is acquiring importance to comply with building safety standards. The high-pressure generated by the blast-wave air-front can lead to catastrophic failure of the glass panes and/or their load-bearing structure, with possible projection of fragments that constitutes a potential threat for human lives and properties. The time-dependent deformations-history is […]

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Gianni Royer Carfagni

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This workshop is a 4 hr workshop that focuses on the basics of the Vacuum Insulated Glazing (VIG) technology. We will discuss energy use in buildings and the role of conventional gasfilled insulated glazing applications. Followed by a discussion of the thermal and mechanical performance of the VIG. Finally, as a group we will work […]

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Solar glass is used as glazing for solar devices like photovoltaic modules and solar-thermal collectors. In desert regions dust accumulation can lead to extreme efficiency losses due to soiling, with previous results of up to -80% in 6 month. For a reproducible qualification of different glass types, surface structures and functional coatings an in-house developed […]

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As a manufacturer and supplier of monolithic, laminated and insulated glass panels to the high-end retail and business markets, we produce larger panels that must use heat-treated components, ionoplast interlayers and multi-layer assemblies. This invariably produces optical phenomena that are observable, but deemed inevitable, physical properties inherent to glass manufacturing. We want to offer higher […]

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Louis Moreau

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Flat laminating process automation has been mainly focusing on automating assistive features on the laminating lines. These include, for example, glass movement, glass positioning and automatic foil trimming. These features enable an automated process that can work only in very limited conditions and do not meet the requirements of an average glass processor who delivers […]

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To optimize building design, it is necessary to evaluate the complex interaction between energy, indoor climate and daylight availability. The daylight openings are the main deciding parameter and second thereafter is solar shading. Therefore, building simulations needs to be able to take different solar shading technologies into account using the same assumptions for both daylight […]

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Helle Foldbjerg Rasmussen

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Sky View are two high-rise hotel and service apartment towers strategically located close to Burj Khalifa in Dubai. The harmonious towers are linked with a skybridge at their 51-54th storey and cladded with patterned stainless steel spandrels. The building boasts a number of tourist attractions such as glazed floored sky walk and other engineered systems […]

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In urban areas glass façades lead to a more open environment-experience and modern city architects seem to be more aware of this impact. Ever since Solar Control coatings are omnipresent, glass has become even wider accepted. Approaching the fourth industrial revolution, which will alter the way we live, work, and relate to one another, it […]

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Ferdinand Grapperhaus Jr.

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Glass has become a popular material for use in balustrades, guards, and railings. Historically, monolithic tempered glass has been primarily used, but with the recent changes to the International Building Code (IBC 2015), laminates with heat strengthened or tempered glass is now recommended. One growing application is cantilevered balustrades where the glass is only secured […]

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Vaughn Schauss

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Laminated glass became widely used in the projects during the last few years. In this presentation I want to discuss some very interesting projects which shows the many steps and difficulties on the road from architectural ideas to the design, mockup and specimens testing, final project and installation. We will discuss Glass Shell in Zaryadie […]

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Heat Soak Testing of Thermally Toughened (Tempered) glass is carried out for the purpose of minimising the risk of spontaneous fracture of the glass, due to the presence of Nickel sulphide inclusions. However, spontaneous fracture of the glass sometimes occurs, even after the manufacturer has claimed that Heat Soak Testing was carried out. Therefore, a […]

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Insulated glazing units with gas filled cavities are commonplace in the United States. Climatic pressures should be considered to assess “pillowing” in flat units and the utilization of glass and edge silicone seals in curved and small units. However, the only codified values for climatic loads parameters are presented in the DIN 18008 standard; derived […]

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James Griffith

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