Final Program

Minimalist windows have explored the potential of structural glass to provide large sliding glass window-walls with extremely thin doorframes. Yet, today’s architectural demands, dictated by the aim for transparency and for spatial continuity between inside and outside, constantly push for better performances — more efficient and dynamic systems — and also for ever-larger full-height sizes […]

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Pedro Borges de Araújo

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The RE X project, 2050M street uses cylindrical glass as vertically spanning structural element allowing the system to be almost mullion less. This paper describes the challenges developing the framing system, the analysis of the glass units and the procurement systems. It also considers the optics and reflection patterns associated with the concave external faces.

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Richard Green

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An important step in automotive laminated windshield, sidelite and sunroof production is the de-airing process prior to final autoclave processing. Today, manufacturers can choose between one of three available industrial solutions: vacuum ring, nipper roller and vacuum bag processes. The author describes each of these three processes, including their pros and cons and provides a […]

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Curved glass panels have a particular appeal in contemporary architecture, but they are often costly and/or relatively heavy elements. This paper describes the engineering design and assembly of an FRP-glass vision panel that is easy to construct, lightweight and can be easily adjusted to a broad range of single and double curvatures. The paper describes […]

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The potential presence of Nickel Sulfide (NiS), which contaminates glass melt, can provoke “spontaneous” rupture even after years from installation. All glass plates bearing a security risk have to be subject to Heat Soak Test (HST), i.e., they are exposed to a certain temperature for a certain time so to destroy the glass panes affected […]

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Electrochromic dynamic smart windows offer many benefits of energy savings and comforts, including daylighting, glare control, unobstructed views. Smart windows target markets are commercial buildings, residential homes, skylight, automotive and transportation (planes, buses, ships). Current commercially available products have struggled to reach large market adoption due to their (1) high installed cost, (2) transmitted and […]

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Annealed glass suffers from stress corrosion, i.e., the decrease of the tensile strength over time, under load. The classical theory to account for this phenomenology involves the chemical reaction of water with silica which replaces strong chemical bonds with weaker ones, thus leading to sub-critical growth of the superficial flaws. In the present work, an […]

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Doors and windows have always been at the intersection of various technologies and architectural processes that evolved in parallel and often intertwined. Last century’s breakthroughs in terms of glass and frame technologies transformed glass doors and windows into powerful and efficient devices to control light, solar heat, ventilation and vision as well as important spatial […]

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Carlos Machado e Moura

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The current advances in technology are assisting to better manage cities, connect people and automate many tasks. Yet it is also the ongoing adaptation of existing buildings and precincts that enable a city to keep pace with the increasing intensity of urbanisation and accommodate growth. The city of Melbourne in Australia is currently undergoing rapid […]

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Michael Barlow

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Façades play an important role in the control of energy flow and energy consumption in buildings as they represent the interface between the outdoor environment and the indoor occupied space. The option of regulating internal and external conditions acquires great relevance in new approaches to sustainable building solutions. Studies on climate adaptive façades show a […]

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Over the past few decades, the building envelope has significantly evolved in design complexity to meet increased legislation on energy performance during building operation. Facades are often designed without consideration for end-of-life and the process of recovery of constituent materials. An increasing number of parts and more permanent connections have endorsed hybrid composite systems that […]

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Use of silicone adhesives for structural bonding of glass panels to metallic frame is a well-established technology in façade applications. Selection of silicone technology is mainly driven by the unique UV resistance and thermal stability offered. However, are these the only factors that can drive technology selection in facade applications? Comprehensive experience gained by Sika […]

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ETAG002 and ASTM C 1401 are the main international Standards providing regulations for design of silicone joints in Structural Sealant Glazing (SSG) applications. They provide calculation methods with reference to flat glass units with regular (rectangular, trapezoidal or triangular) shape, in vertical position, bonded along all sides to load-bearing profiles and subject to wind load, […]

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Viviana Nardini

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Numerous innovations have been seen in the last decades concerning new façade technologies. These were driven by new materials or new applications of known materials, such as glued-on wall structures (structural glazing) in the 60’s and 70’s. On the other hand we saw the increasing introduction of double and multiple-layer façades including a return to […]

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Valentin Balog

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The Vacuum Insulated Glazing (VIG) technology is of great interest in providing for the future requirements of highly insulating buildings. This is an advanced workshop that will discuss topics such as, the results of thermal and wind load testing, framing issues, production costing, service lifetime, vacuum stability and getters, advanced testing relative to standards, etc. […]

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Within 4 hours the participants will gain an insight to the process of realizing complex all-glass facade structures. This workshop will discuss glass design, structural and movement concepts, bearing strategy, manufacturing, installation and the use of large glass sizes and its challenges. Following the introduction to a recently completed all-glass project and a short briefing, […]

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Modern standards and codes of design practice require the evaluation of the response of glazed surfaces with respect to impulsive dynamic actions in order to avoid brittle failure. The soft-body impact test allows to reproduce the effect of the accidental impacts of human. This is a free-boundary value problem, since the imprint of the impinging […]

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Gianni Royer Carfagni

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Nowadays the design of blast-resistant glazed façades is acquiring importance to comply with building safety standards. The high-pressure generated by the blast-wave air-front can lead to catastrophic failure of the glass panes and/or their load-bearing structure, with possible projection of fragments that constitutes a potential threat for human lives and properties. The time-dependent deformations-history is […]

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Gianni Royer Carfagni

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This workshop is a 4 hr workshop that focuses on the basics of the Vacuum Insulated Glazing (VIG) technology. We will discuss energy use in buildings and the role of conventional gasfilled insulated glazing applications. Followed by a discussion of the thermal and mechanical performance of the VIG. Finally, as a group we will work […]

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Solar glass is used as glazing for solar devices like photovoltaic modules and solar-thermal collectors. In desert regions dust accumulation can lead to extreme efficiency losses due to soiling, with previous results of up to -80% in 6 month. For a reproducible qualification of different glass types, surface structures and functional coatings an in-house developed […]

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As a manufacturer and supplier of monolithic, laminated and insulated glass panels to the high-end retail and business markets, we produce larger panels that must use heat-treated components, ionoplast interlayers and multi-layer assemblies. This invariably produces optical phenomena that are observable, but deemed inevitable, physical properties inherent to glass manufacturing. We want to offer higher […]

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Louis Moreau

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Flat laminating process automation has been mainly focusing on automating assistive features on the laminating lines. These include, for example, glass movement, glass positioning and automatic foil trimming. These features enable an automated process that can work only in very limited conditions and do not meet the requirements of an average glass processor who delivers […]

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Riku Färm

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The recently escalated explosion incidents from terrorist attacks have intensified the requirement for blast resilient buildings. As a result, glazed facades of commercial and residential buildings often include laminated glass panels that are more ductile and can prevent fragmentation injuries from occurring. However, the response of laminated glass panels to blast loads, especially the post-fracture […]

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